grant cawthorn bushveld complex

  • R. Grant Cawthorn ResearchGate

    R. Grant Cawthorn. J. Miller. The Bushveld Complex (BC) contains relatively little sulphide, but hosts the worlds largest platinum-group element deposits. The most recent calculations of the

  • grant cawthorn bushveld complex MC World

    Emplacement and Crystallization Time for the Bushveld Complex. the bushveld complex r. grant cawthorn1* and feodor walraven2 1department of geology, university of the witwatersrand, po wits, 2050, south africa 2924 keyter street, daspoort, 0082, south africa cawthorn and walraven bushveld complex crystallization time fig. 4.

  • Emplacement and Crystallization Time for the Bushveld Complex

    the bushveld complex r. grant cawthorn1* and feodor walraven2 1department of geology, university of the witwatersrand, po wits, 2050, south africa 2924 keyter street, daspoort, 0082, south africa cawthorn and walraven bushveld complex crystallization time fig. 4.

  • Grant Cawthorn Bushveld Complex

    Grant Cawthorn Bushveld Complex. The bushveld complex of south africa is a large layered intrusive suite of cumulate rocks for which the parental magma is not directly obtainableowever, we report here indirect evidence from a.

  • grant cawthorn bushveld complex hifilm.pl

    Grant Cawthorn Bushveld Complex. The bushveld complex of south africa is a large layered intrusive suite of cumulate rocks for which the pare. READ MORE. Grant Cawthorn The Conversation. Jun 09, 2015· Grant Cawthorn's profile on The Conversation. Main fields of specialization: Origin of mafic igneous intrusive rocks and thei

  • grant cawthorn bushveld complex Hof van Twentse Uitdaging

    grant cawthorn bushveld complex iconsmagazine.co.za. The Platinum Group Element Deposits of the Bushveld. By R. Grant Cawthorn School of Geosciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Private Bag 3, Johannesburg 2050, South Africa; E-mmail: There are enough platinum group element deposits in the Bushveld Complex in South Africa to supply world demands for many

  • The Bushveld Complex, South Africa SpringerLink

    May 19, 2015· Tegner C, Cawthorn RG, Kruger FJ (2006) Cyclicity in the main and upper zones of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa: crystallization from a zoned magma sheet. J Petrol 47:2257–2279 Google Scholar Teigler B, Eales HV (1993) Correlation between chromite composition and PGE mineralization in the critical zone of the western Bushveld Complex.

  • grant cawthorn bushveld complex

    The Platinum Group Element Deposits of the Bushveld 2016-1-28 By R. Grant Cawthorn School of Geosciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Private Bag 3, Johannesburg 2050, South Africa; E-mmail: There are enough platinum group element deposits in the Bushveld Complex in South Africa to supply world demands for many decades or even a century using current mining techniques.

  • grant cawthorn bushveld complex Mobile Crusher,mobile

    grant cawthorn bushveld complex werkplaatsdansenbeeld.nl. The Platinum Group Element Deposits of the Bushveld. By R. Grant Cawthorn School of Geosciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Private Bag 3, Johannesburg 2050, South Africa; E-mmail: There are enough platinum group element deposits in the Bushveld Complex in South Africa to supply world demands for many

  • Grant Cawthorn Bushveld Complex haagdeko.de

    Geochemistry Of Magnetitite Layers In The Upper Zone Of . 2015-9-16geochemistry of magnetitite layers in the upper zone of the bushveld complex, south africa y ramphelane prince maila i would like to thank my supervisor prof grant cawthorn for his invaluable support and insight during the

  • Origin of the Merensky Pegmatitic Pyroxenite, Bushveld

    Origin of the Merensky Pegmatitic Pyroxenite, Bushveld Complex R Grant Cawthorn and Kevin D. Boerst Department of Geology,University of the Witwatersrand, PO Wits, 2050, South Africa. e-mail: [email protected] The feldspathic pegmatitic pyroxenite associated with the platinum mineralization of the Merensky Reef, Bushveld Complex, has been

  • Parental magma to the Bushveld Complex Nature

    The Bushveld Complex of South Africa is a large layered intrusive suite of cumulate rocks for which the parental magma is not directly obtainable. R. Grant Cawthorn. View author publications

  • Bushveld Complex geological formation, South Africa

    In Precambrian: Layered igneous intrusions and most famous is the Bushveld Complex in South Africa, which is 9 km (5.6 miles) thick and covers an area of 66,000 square km (about 25,500 square miles). It was intruded nearly 2.1 billion years ago and is the largest repository of

  • Grant Cawthorn Bushveld Complex

    Grant Cawthorn Bushveld Complex. The bushveld complex of south africa is a large layered intrusive suite of cumulate rocks for which the parental magma is not directly obtainableowever, we report here indirect evidence from a.

  • grant cawthorn bushveld complex Hof van Twentse Uitdaging

    grant cawthorn bushveld complex iconsmagazine.co.za. The Platinum Group Element Deposits of the Bushveld. By R. Grant Cawthorn School of Geosciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Private Bag 3, Johannesburg 2050, South Africa; E-mmail: There are enough platinum group element deposits in the Bushveld Complex in South Africa to supply world demands for many

  • grant cawthorn bushveld complex

    The Platinum Group Element Deposits of the Bushveld 2016-1-28 By R. Grant Cawthorn School of Geosciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Private Bag 3, Johannesburg 2050, South Africa; E-mmail: There are enough platinum group element deposits in the Bushveld Complex in South Africa to supply world demands for many decades or even a century using current mining techniques.

  • grant cawthorn bushveld mplex verbionhandel.nl

    The Platinum Group Element Deposits of the Bushveld Complex in There are enough platinum group element deposits in the Bushveld Complex in South Africa to suppl

  • grant cawthorn bushveld complex Mobile Crusher,mobile

    grant cawthorn bushveld complex werkplaatsdansenbeeld.nl. The Platinum Group Element Deposits of the Bushveld. By R. Grant Cawthorn School of Geosciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Private Bag 3, Johannesburg 2050, South Africa; E-mmail: There are enough platinum group element deposits in the Bushveld Complex in South Africa to supply world demands for many

  • Bushveld Igneous Complex Wikipedia

    The Bushveld Igneous Complex (BIC) is the largest layered igneous intrusion within the Earth's crust. It has been tilted and eroded forming the outcrops around what appears to be the edge of a great geological basin: the Transvaal Basin.It is approximately 2 billion years old and is divided into four different limbs: the northern, southern, eastern, and western limbs.

  • Grant Cawthorn Bushveld Complex haagdeko.de

    Geochemistry Of Magnetitite Layers In The Upper Zone Of . 2015-9-16geochemistry of magnetitite layers in the upper zone of the bushveld complex, south africa y ramphelane prince maila i would like to thank my supervisor prof grant cawthorn for his invaluable support and insight during the

  • Parental magma to the Bushveld Complex Nature

    The Bushveld Complex of South Africa is a large layered intrusive suite of cumulate rocks for which the parental magma is not directly obtainable. However, we report here indirect evidence from a

  • Identification of Anorthite-enriched Plagioclase

    The setting and stratigraphy of the Bushveld Complex has been reviewed many times [most recently by Cawthorn (2015)], and only a brief summary of relevant information is given here. The laterally extremely extensive (and uniform) layering of the Bushveld Complex has been subdivided (into four major layered successions) based on mineral

  • Massive pyroxene compositional oscillations on a metre

    Mar 01, 2020· Author links open overlay panel R. Grant Cawthorn. In the Main Zone of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa, there is an horizon known as the Pyroxenite Marker that shows major reversals in mineral compositions, demonstrating significant addition of more primitive magma into the chamber. This layer has been well-studied in the eastern limb

  • SUSPECTED PRESENCE OF HIBBINGITE IN GeoScienceWorld

    SUSPECTED PRESENCE OF HIBBINGITE IN OLIVINE PYROXENITE ADJACENT TO THE UG2 CHROMITITE, BUSHVELD COMPLEX, SOUTH AFRICA R. Grant Cawthorn; R. Grant Cawthorn § 1. School of Geosciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Wits 2050, South Africa

  • Parental magma to the Bushveld Complex Nature

    The Bushveld Complex of South Africa is a large layered intrusive suite of cumulate rocks for which the parental magma is not directly obtainable. R. Grant Cawthorn. View author publications

  • Bushveld Complex geological formation, South Africa

    In Precambrian: Layered igneous intrusions and most famous is the Bushveld Complex in South Africa, which is 9 km (5.6 miles) thick and covers an area of 66,000 square km (about 25,500 square miles). It was intruded nearly 2.1 billion years ago and is the largest repository of

  • Identification of Anorthite-enriched Plagioclase

    The setting and stratigraphy of the Bushveld Complex has been reviewed many times [most recently by Cawthorn (2015)], and only a brief summary of relevant information is given here. The laterally extremely extensive (and uniform) layering of the Bushveld Complex has been subdivided (into four major layered successions) based on mineral

  • grant cawthorn bushveld complex Hof van Twentse Uitdaging

    grant cawthorn bushveld complex iconsmagazine.co.za. The Platinum Group Element Deposits of the Bushveld. By R. Grant Cawthorn School of Geosciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Private Bag 3, Johannesburg 2050, South Africa; E-mmail: There are enough platinum group element deposits in the Bushveld Complex in South Africa to supply world demands for many

  • grant cawthorn bushveld complex Sahaara Concept

    grant cawthorn bushveld complex 3d-day.it. 2014-7-25 · Origin of the Merensky Pegmatitic Pyroxenite, Bushveld Complex R Grant Cawthorn and Kevin D. Boerst Department of Geology,University of the Witwatersrand, PO Wits, 2050, South Africa. e-mail: The feldspathic pegmatitic pyroxenite associated with the platinum mineralization of the Merensky

  • Massive pyroxene compositional oscillations on a metre

    Mar 01, 2020· Author links open overlay panel R. Grant Cawthorn. In the Main Zone of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa, there is an horizon known as the Pyroxenite Marker that shows major reversals in mineral compositions, demonstrating significant addition of more primitive magma into the chamber. This layer has been well-studied in the eastern limb

  • Two: OVERVIEW OF THE BUSHVELD COMPLEX

    the Wonderkop fault (Eales and Cawthorn, 1996). Cawthorn and Webb (2001) proposed that Hall's initial model was correct, in that the eastern and the western limb of the Bushveld Complex are linked and formed within a single lopolithic intrusion.

  • Mercury in the Bushveld Complex, South Africa, and the

    Aug 06, 2012· The 2.06 Ga Bushveld Complex is the largest layered mafic intrusion in the world, covering over 65 000 km 2 in area. It ranges in thickness from about 7 to 9 km and is divided into the eastern, the western (including the far western), the northern (including the Villa Nora area) and the hidden southern limb (Fig. 1, Eales and Cawthorn, 1996).The stratigraphy of the intrusion is divided

  • Contrasting sulphide contents of the Bushveld and Sudbury

    Apr 12, 2005· Cawthorn RG (1999) Platinum-group element mineralization in the Bushveld Complex—a critical reassessment of geochemical models. S Afr J Geol 102:268–281 Google Scholar Cawthorn RG (2002) The role of magmatic mixing in the genesis of PGE mineralization in the Bushveld complex: thermodynamic calculations and new interpretations—a discussion.

  • cawthorn grant cawthorn bushveld complex KeijzerSterk

    grant cawthorn bushveld complex The Platinum Group Element Deposits of the Bushveld. By R. Grant Cawthorn School of Geosciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Private Bag 3, Johannesburg 2050, South Africa; E-mmail: There are enough platinum group element deposits in the Bushveld Complex in South Africa to supply world demands for many decades or even a century

  • SUSPECTED PRESENCE OF HIBBINGITE IN GeoScienceWorld

    SUSPECTED PRESENCE OF HIBBINGITE IN OLIVINE PYROXENITE ADJACENT TO THE UG2 CHROMITITE, BUSHVELD COMPLEX, SOUTH AFRICA R. Grant Cawthorn; R. Grant Cawthorn § 1. School of Geosciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Wits 2050, South Africa

  • CiteSeerX — of magnetite from the Bushveld Complex, South

    @MISC{Cawthorn_ofmagnetite, author = {R. Grant Cawthorn and T. S. Mccarthy and G. Davies}, title = {of magnetite from the Bushveld Complex, South Africa}, year = {}} Share. OpenURL . Abstract. are found in pure magnetitite layers in the upper zone of the Bushveld Complex. Detailed electron microprobe analysis of one of these indicates avertical

  • Geochemistry of Magnetitite Layers in the Upper Zone of

    The Upper Zone (UZ) of the Bushveld Complex (BC) comprises several magnetitite layers throughout the entire sequence with the most prominent layer, the 2 m thick Main Magnetitite I would like to thank my supervisor Prof. Grant Cawthorn for his invaluable support and insight during the course of the completion of this dissertation. Funding

  • Rare earth element abundances in apatite in the Bushveld

    Rare earth element abundances in apatite in the Bushveld Complex—A consequence of the trapped liquid shift effect: REPLY R. Grant Cawthorn. R. Grant Cawthorn School of Geosciences, University of the Witwatersrand, PO Wits 2050, South Africa. Search for other works by this author on: GSW.

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